Did you know the importance of BIM for the cataloging of Cultural Heritage Sites?
Currently, the BIM (Building Information Modeling) methodology plays a crucial role in the field of cataloging assets as a Cultural Heritage Site (BIC). In this article, let’s explore how this technology is revolutionizing this field and how Fisotec Solutions has been part of the change with the successful case of Teatro Barceló in Madrid.
What is a Cultural Heritage Site?
A Cultural Heritage Site is a figure for the protection of cultural assets in Spain, established by the Ministry of Culture in Law 16/1985, of June 25, of the Spanish Historical Heritage. This declaration has various practical implications: the asset becomes public domain, requires authorization for any work or modification, and has tax privileges.
Benefits of BIM Modeling to Achieve Cultural Heritage Site Classification
BIM modeling provides precision, efficiency, and thoroughness in the inventory and analysis of historical buildings, crucial factors for BIC cataloging. It allows for detailed laser scanning of the structure, generating an exact three-dimensional model that facilitates detailed inspection and evaluation for BIC cataloging.
Success Case: Teatro Barceló in Madrid
Teatro Barceló in Madrid is a paradigmatic case. This historic establishment relied on the services of Fisotec Solutions and its SMART inventory to carry out, through Laser Scanner and Leica Geosystems technology, the BIM modeling of the entire building with the aim of achieving structural classification to be cataloged as BIC.
However, the process was not easy. The presence of mirrors and stairs substantially complicated the actions of Fisotec technicians. Nevertheless, thanks to the advanced technology of Leica BLK2GO and Cyclone, an efficient and accurate BIM modeling was achieved, overcoming obstacles and achieving complete and precise documentation of Teatro Barceló.
Examples of Cultural Heritage Sites: The Alhambra of Granada and The Temple of Debod
The Alhambra of Granada, a majestic palace and fortress located in Granada, Andalusia, is a preeminent example of a Cultural Heritage Site in Spain. Declared as such, the Alhambra is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1984. This status has ensured not only its preservation but also its proper restoration and maintenance, ensuring that future generations can enjoy its incomparable beauty and history.
Another notable example is the Temple of Debod in Madrid, an ancient Egyptian temple that was dismantled and rebuilt in Madrid. Although it is less traditional than other BICs in Spain, the Temple of Debod has also been declared a Cultural Heritage Site, allowing the preservation of this unique example of ancient Egyptian architecture in Spain.
These two examples, along with the case of Teatro Barceló, illustrate the diversity of assets that can be cataloged as BIC in Spain, and demonstrate the crucial importance of BIM methodology in the cataloging and conservation process of these invaluable cultural assets.
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